Pavement Type Hysteresis and Truck Rolling Resistance

Highways Members Only

Portland Cement Concrete (PCC) pavements usually incur higher investment costs than Asphalt Concrete (AC) alternatives. In a life cycle analysis the higher cost is justified by lower maintenance costs, less and fewer traffic flow intrusions, and a longer technical life. All these factors contribute to a reduction of the carbon...

Surface Stresses of Thick Concrete Pavement Slabs Due To Traffic Loads and Non-Linear Temperature Distributions

Airports, Highways, Industrial, Intermodals/Ports Members Only

In this study, possibility of top-down cracking in concrete pavement was investigated. The main cause of the crack is supposed to be tensile stress at the top of the concrete slab. 3DFEM simulations that took into account actual temperature distributions throughout slab depth were performed on concrete pavements for a...

Methodology for Establishing Permanent Curl/Warp Temperature Gradients in Jointed Plain Concrete Pavements

Highways Members Only

Jointed plain concrete pavements curl due to temperature gradients and warp in the presence of drying shrinkage gradients. Since this deformation is restrained by factors, such as the slab self-weight, tensile stresses are generated. Slabs do not remain flat in the absence of daily gradients. This is due to the...

Structural Modeling of Rigid Pavement with Load-rate Dependent Subgrade

Highways, Industrial Members Only

It has been observed by many researchers that the subgrade behavior is load rate dependent. The apparent subgrade stiffness is much higher under the fast moving axle loading than during the slow developing temperature curling and moisture warping. However, traditionally a single k-value is used for both curling and axle...

Causes and effects of longitudinal shrinkage and temperature stresses on JPCP for Dutch conditions

Airports, Highways Members Only

In 2010 Houben has published a paper on the modelling of the process of cracking at transverse joints in jointed plain concrete pavements (JPCP). Houben uses equations from the standard Eurocode 2 for the time-dependent concrete properties and considers the thermal deformation and the shrinkage (drying and autogenous) for different...

Evaluation of the Linear Damage Assumption in JPCP Bottom-up Fatigue Cracking

Highways Members Only

Current pavement design guides for Jointed Plain Concrete Pavements define one critical location at the mid-slab edge and assume that damage accumulates linearly and can be described via S-N curves. More recently, experiments have shown that damage does not accumulate linearly and a pronounced stress range effect exists. These two...

Effect of Nonuniform Foundation Support on Concrete Slab Responses

Airports, Highways, Industrial, Local Government Members Only

The ability to spatially map the stiffness of the foundation layers under concrete pavements with intelligent compaction has created a need to define limits on the allowable stiffness variations in a given construction area as well as the maximum size of a non-complaint area which does not require remedial action....

Performance of Pervious Concrete Pavement in Freeze-Thaw Conditions and With Winter Maintenance [No Fines Concrete]

Highways, Industrial, Local Government Members Only

In 2007 the Cement Association of Canada, industry members and the Centre for Pavement and Transportation Technology at the University of Waterloo partnered to carry out a study to evaluate the behaviour of pervious concrete pavement in the Canadian climate. Field sites have been constructed and monitored and laboratory testing...

Evolution of Pervious Concrete Pavement at the Ministry of Transportation Ontario, Canada [No Fines Concrete]

Industrial, Local Government Members Only

As part of the Ministry of Transportation Ontario (MTO) drive to pursue innovation and have the “greenest” roads in North America, MTO is actively pursuing the use of pervious concrete pavement. Pervious concrete provides many environmental benefits and is recognized as a stormwater management best practice. There is also strong...

Mix Design Method and Void Performance of Concrete for Pervious Concrete Pavement [No Fines Concrete]

Industrial, Local Government Members Only

Pervious concrete pavement is drawing increasing attention for its high content of interconnected voids which is expected to reduce the environmental impact as concrete is often counted as a causal factor of the urban heat island phenomenon.  Performance of pervious concrete can be measured by water permeability, water  retentivity and...