Paper by LUNDSTRÖM from ISCR 8th 1998 Lisbon Portugal
As part of a Nordic R & D project on sustainable concrete technology initiated by the Nordic cement industry, a study has been carried out by VTT, the Technical Research Centre of Finland, to assess the environmental impact of concrete and asphalt pavements. The assessment is based on the estimation of the service life of road pavements and the environmental burdens caused by their production, use and disposal. The influence of the pavement on noise, lighting requirements and dust formation has also been taken into account. Special attention has been paid to the influence of the pavements on fuel consumption by traffic.